As Dementia progresses the PwD will usually need more assistance from family members, spouse, children, siblings and other relatives or friends. Sometimes a family member leaves his/her job to take care of the PwD. As the demenita worsens, PwD may need someone available around the clock to make sure that he/she doesn’t wander off or injure himself/herself. Some patents, but not all, may spend a good part of the night wandering around the house, while sleeping during the day — making it even more stressful for family members). They may need to hire an outside caregiver to help the PwD and provide a break for the family. With continued progression, the PwD may need to be placed in a nursing facility. The nursing staff in a nursing home or hospital can devote a limited amount of time to spend with each PwD. The PwD cannot be allowed to go outside the premises. The PwD, and staff, can become frustrated. Hospitals in India and elsewhere are basically designed to take care of patients in acute phase. They cannot take care of the needs of PwD.
PwD are a special category of patients who have to be handled with tender care and caution. The first Dementia Village of the world was established at a place Weisp, Netherlands. At the Dutch Dementia Village living environments were customized to provide a very safe and a congenial environment for PwD. The Dementia Village provides safe and congenial environment to PwD so that their physical, clinical and psychological needs are taken care of. The Staff at Dementia Village are specially trained to deal with PwD. In some European countries and in some states of USA and Canada, specialized hospitals called “Dementia Villages” have been established to take care of PwD, on the general principles established by the Dutch Dementia Village.
Pictures from Dementia Village, The Netherlands.